Some results

Place of living (objective and subjective) and level of support for democracy (reference group: urban)

There is a gap in the level of support for democracy between rural (objective and subjective) and urban dwellers. However, this statistical gap disappears when socio-demographic control variables are introduced, which means that it is primarily explained by compositional effects.

Source: RUDE survey, 2022.

Identification with a place of living and place based resentment (3 dimensions), according to place of living

Residents of rural areas have a greater sense of belonging and a higher level of place based resentment than urban and peri-urban dwellers.

 

This is the case for the 3 dimensions analysed: with regard to the distribution of political power, the distribution of public resources, and respect for the way of life.

 

Source: RUDE survey, 2022.

Effects of place based resentment on trust in government, according to the strength of identity and social status

Place based resentment affects trust in government differently, depending on where people live and how strongly they identify with that place.

Source: RUDE survey, 2022.

 

Effects of geographical and social variables on votes for the three main candidates in the first round of the 2022 presidential election

In addition to compositional effects, the geographical context has its own effect on how people vote in the 2022 presidential election.

 

Source: Election results from the Ministry of the Interior and Insee data (RP 2018 and Filosofi database).

Votes in the first round of the 2022 presidential election by type of areas

There is a strong divide between people living in dense urban areas and those living in rural areas related to voting behaviour in the first round of the 2022 presidential election.

Source: Electoral results for the first round of the 2022 presidential election published by the Ministry of the Interior for metropolitan France. Classification of communes according to Insee’s 2020 typology.

Effects of place of living on satisfaction with democracy, France, 2004-2020

Place of living was not significantly correlated with satisfaction with democracy until recently. Since 2016, we have observed that residents of towns and small cities are, all other things being equal, slightly less satisfied with the way democracy works.

Source : European Social Survey

Place based resentment related to public resources

There is a significant gap between rural and urban areas in terms of the level of geographical resentment related to allocation of public resources. Rural dwellers feel more disadvantaged in the allocation of public resources than urban dwellers.

Source: RUDE France pre-survey, February 2022

Place based resentment related to distribution of political power

There is a significant gap between rural and urban dwellers in the level of place based resentment related to political representation. Rural dwellers feel more despised and left behind.

Source: RUDE France pre-survey, February 2022

Place based resentment related to way of living

There is a divide between rural and urban dwellers on place based resentment related to lifestyle. More rural dwellers feel that they have different values to other geographical areas.

Source: RUDE France pre-survey, February 2022

Effects of place of living and different types of resentment on satisfaction with democracy

Satisfaction with democracy is not linked to where people live, whereas the level of resentment of individuals is negatively correlated with satisfaction with democracy.

Source: RUDE France pre-survey, February 2022